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10-Q
ACETO CORP filed this Form 10-Q on 11/03/2017
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017

Commission file number 000-04217

 

ACETO CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

New York   11-1720520
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer Identification
Number)

 

4 Tri Harbor Court, Port Washington,  NY 11050
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(516) 627-6000

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every interactive data file required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company", and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Check one:

 

Large accelerated filer x Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company ¨
    Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

Yes ¨ No x

 

The registrant had 30,641,254 shares of common stock outstanding as of October 31, 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

QUARTERLY REPORT FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2017

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION   3
       
Item 1. Financial Statements   3
       
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets – September 30, 2017 (unaudited) and June 30, 2017   3
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income – Three Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)   4
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income –Three Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)   5
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Three Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)   6
       
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)   7
       
  Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   19
       
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   20
       
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk   31
       
Item 4. Controls and Procedures   32
       
PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION   32
       
Item 1. Legal Proceedings   32
       
Item 1A. Risk Factors   32
       
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds   32
       
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities   32
       
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   32
       
Item 5. Other Information   33
       
Item 6. Exhibits   33
       
Signatures   34
     
Exhibits    

 

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

  

September 30,

2017

  

June 30,

2017

 
   (unaudited)     
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $72,100   $55,680 
Investments   3,048    2,046 
Trade receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts (September 30, 2017, $476; June 30, 2017, $485)   240,620    260,889 
Other receivables   11,897    12,066 
Inventory   135,119    136,387 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   4,916    3,941 
Deferred income tax asset, net   -    546 
Total current assets   467,700    471,555 
           
Property and equipment, net   11,569    10,428 
Property held for sale   6,250    7,152 
Goodwill   237,004    236,970 
Intangible assets, net   277,247    285,081 
Deferred income tax asset, net   10,991    19,453 
Other assets   7,212    7,546 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $1,017,973   $1,038,185 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Current portion of long-term debt  $14,482   $14,466 
Accounts payable   98,013    90,011 
Accrued expenses   114,654    118,328 
Total current liabilities   227,149    222,805 
           
Long-term debt, net   317,097    339,200 
Long-term liabilities   62,743    61,449 
Environmental remediation liability   1,754    2,339 
Deferred income tax liability   -    7,325 
Total liabilities   608,743    633,118 
           
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)          
           
Shareholders’ equity:          
Preferred stock, 2,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, $.01 par value, 75,000 shares authorized; 30,581 and 30,094 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017, respectively   306    301 
Capital in excess of par value   217,439    214,198 
Retained earnings   194,171    195,680 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (2,686)   (5,112)
Total shareholders’ equity   409,230    405,067 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY  $1,017,973   $1,038,185 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements and accountants’ review report.

 

 3 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

   Three months Ended
September 30
 
   2017   2016 
Net sales  $185,255   $128,018 
Cost of sales   145,272    97,179 
Gross profit   39,983    30,839 
           
Selling, general and administrative expenses   31,149    21,024 
Research and development expenses   1,615    1,050 
Operating income   7,219    8,765 
           
Other (expense) income:          
Interest expense   (5,355)   (2,233)
Interest and other income, net   274    248 
    (5,081)   (1,985)
           
Income before income taxes   2,138    6,780 
Income tax provision   1,684    2,395 
Net income  $454   $4,385 
           
Basic income per common share  $0.01   $0.15 
Diluted income per common share  $0.01   $0.15 
           
Weighted average shares outstanding:          
Basic   34,975    29,518 
Diluted   35,259    29,840 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements and accountants’ review report.

 

 4 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(unaudited and in thousands)

 

   Three months Ended
September 30,
 
   2017   2016 
         
Net income  $454   $4,385 
           
Other comprehensive income:          
Foreign currency translation adjustments   2,320    560 
Change in fair value of interest rate swaps   106    - 
Comprehensive income  $2,880   $4,945 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements and accountants’ review report.

 

 5 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited and in thousands)

 

  

Three months Ended

September 30,

 
   2017   2016 
Operating activities:          
Net income  $454   $4,385 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   8,301    3,168 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount   1,513    1,432 
Amortization of deferred financing costs   270    - 
Provision for doubtful accounts   (15)   (58)
Non-cash stock compensation   3,146    1,664 
Deferred income taxes   (1,099)   1,405 
Environmental charge   902    170 
Earnings on equity investment in joint venture   (231)   (325)
Changes in assets and liabilities:          
Trade accounts receivable   21,137    9,141 
Other receivables   149    464 
Inventory   2,225    (6,105)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (944)   (978)
Other assets   (334)   (305)
Accounts payable   7,699    3,135 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities   792    (6,543)
Net cash provided by operating activities   43,965    10,650 
           
Investing activities:          
Purchases of investments   (2,655)   (1,017)
Sales of investments   1,646    - 
Payments for intangible assets   (54)   (1,594)
Purchases of property and equipment, net   (1,506)   (541)
Net cash used in investing activities   (2,569)   (3,152)
           
Financing activities:          
Payment of cash dividends   (1,935)   (1,954)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options   73    185 
Excess tax benefit on stock option exercises and restricted stock   -    437 
Repayment of bank loans   (23,783)   (49)
Net cash used in financing activities   (25,645)   (1,381)
           
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   669    197 
           
Net increase in cash   16,420    6,314 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   55,680    66,828 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $72,100   $73,142 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements and accountants’ review report

 

 6 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

(1) Basis of Presentation

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements of Aceto Corporation and subsidiaries (“Aceto” or the “Company”) included herein have been prepared by the Company and reflect all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for all periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results which may be achieved for the full year.

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses reported in those financial statements and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. These judgments can be subjective and complex, and consequently actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions. The Company’s most critical accounting policies relate to revenue recognition; allowance for doubtful accounts; inventory; goodwill and other indefinite-life intangible assets; long-lived assets; environmental matters and other contingencies; income taxes; stock-based compensation; and purchase price allocation.

 

These condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all disclosures associated with consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Accordingly, these statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2017.

 

(2) Business Combinations

 

On December 21, 2016, wholly owned subsidiaries of Rising Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Rising”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Aceto, completed the acquisition of certain generic products and related assets of entities formerly known as Citron Pharma LLC (“Citron”) and its affiliate Lucid Pharma LLC (“Lucid”). Citron was a privately-held New Jersey-based pharmaceutical company focused on developing and marketing generic pharmaceutical products in partnership with leading generic pharmaceutical manufacturers based in India and the United States. Lucid was a privately-held New Jersey-based generic pharmaceutical distributor specializing in providing cost-effective products to various agencies of the U.S. Federal Government including the Veterans Administration and the Defense Logistics Agency. Lucid serviced 18 national contracts with the Federal Government, nearly all of which have 5-year terms.

 

Aceto and Citron possess complementary asset-light business models, drug development and manufacturing partnerships and product portfolios. The Company believes consistent with its strategy of expanding Rising’s portfolio of finished dosage form generic products through product development partnerships and acquisitions of late stage assets, abbreviated new drug applications (“ANDAs”) and complementary generic drug businesses, this transaction significantly expanded its roster of commercialized products and pipeline of products under development. In addition, the Company believes that this product acquisition greatly enhanced its size and stature within the generic pharmaceutical industry, expanded its partnership network and offers the Company opportunities to realize meaningful cost and tax efficiencies.

 

At closing, Aceto paid the sellers $270,000 in cash, committed to make a $50,000 unsecured deferred payment that will bear interest at a rate of 5% per annum to the sellers on December 21, 2021 and agreed to issue 5,122 shares of Aceto common stock beginning on December 21, 2019. The product purchase agreement also provides the sellers with a 5-year potential earn-out of up to an additional $50,000 in cash, based on the financial performance of four pre-specified pipeline products that are currently in development. As of September 30, 2017, the Company accrued $2,924 related to this contingent consideration.

 

 7 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

Rising formed two subsidiaries to consummate the product acquisition – Rising Health, LLC (which acquired certain products and related assets of Citron) and Acetris Health, LLC (which acquired certain products and related assets of Lucid).

 

(3) Stock-Based Compensation

 

Under the Aceto Corporation 2015 Equity Participation Plan (the “2015 Plan”), grants of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards (“Stock Awards”) may be offered to employees, non-employee directors, consultants and advisors of the Company, including the chief executive officer, chief financial officer and other named executive officers. The maximum number of shares of common stock of the Company that may be issued pursuant to Stock Awards granted under the 2015 Plan will not exceed, in the aggregate, 4,250 shares. Stock Awards that are intended to qualify as “performance-based compensation” for purposes of Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, may be granted.  Performance-based awards may be granted, vested and paid based on the attainment of specified performance goals.

 

Under the Aceto Corporation 2010 Equity Participation Plan (as amended and restated in 2012, the “2010 Plan”), grants of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, and stock bonuses may be made to employees, non-employee directors and consultants of the Company. The maximum number of shares of common stock of the Company that may be issued pursuant to awards granted under the 2010 Plan will not exceed, in the aggregate, 5,250 shares. In addition, restricted stock may be granted to an eligible participant in lieu of a portion of any annual cash bonus earned by such participant. Such award may include additional shares of restricted stock (premium shares) greater than the portion of bonus paid in restricted stock. The restricted stock award is vested at issuance and the restrictions lapse ratably over a period of years as determined by the Board of Directors, generally three years. The premium shares vest when all the restrictions lapse, provided that the participant remains employed by the Company at that time.

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2017, the Company granted 337 shares of restricted common stock to its employees that vest over three years. In addition, the Company also issued a target grant of 168 performance-vested restricted stock units, which grant could be as much as 294 units if certain performance criteria and market conditions are met. These performance-vested restricted stock units will cliff vest 100% at the end of the third year following grant in accordance with the performance metrics set forth in the applicable employee performance-vested restricted stock unit grant.

 

During the year ended June 30, 2017, the Company granted 277 shares of restricted common stock to its employees that vest over three years and 22 shares of restricted common stock to its non-employee directors, which vest over approximately one year as well as 42 restricted stock units that have varying vest dates through July 2017. In addition, the Company also issued a target grant of 160 performance-vested restricted stock units, which grant could be as much as 280 if certain performance criteria and market conditions are met. These performance-vested restricted stock units will cliff vest 100% at the end of the third year following grant in accordance with the performance metrics set forth in the applicable employee performance-vested restricted stock unit grant.

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company recorded stock-based compensation expense of approximately $3,132 and $1,659, respectively, related to restricted common stock and restricted stock units. Included in the $3,132 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 is $2,017 in stock-based compensation expense associated with the separation of the Company’s former Chief Executive Officer in September 2017. As of September 30, 2017, the total unrecognized stock-based compensation cost is approximately $10,168.

 

(4) Capital Stock

 

On August 24, 2017, the Company's Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.065 per share which was paid on September 21, 2017 to shareholders of record as of September 8, 2017.

 

On May 4, 2017, the Board of Directors of the Company authorized the continuation of the Company’s stock repurchase program, expiring in May 2020. Under the stock repurchase program, the Company is authorized to purchase up to 5,000 shares of common stock in open market or private transactions, at prices not to exceed the market value of the common stock at the time of such purchase.

 

 8 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

The Company is authorized to issue 75,000 shares of Common Stock and 2,000 shares of Preferred Stock. The Board of Directors has authority under the Company’s Restated Certificate of Incorporation to issue shares of preferred stock with voting and other relative rights to be determined by the Board of Directors.

 

(5) Net Income Per Common Share

 

Basic income per common share is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted income per common share includes the dilutive effect of potential common shares outstanding. The following table sets forth the reconciliation of weighted average shares outstanding and diluted weighted average shares outstanding:

 

  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2017   2016 
         
Weighted average shares outstanding   34,975    29,518 
Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock awards and units   284    322 
           
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding   35,259    29,840 

 

 

The weighted average shares outstanding for the three months ended September 30, 2017 includes the effect of 5,122 shares to be issued in connection with the acquisition of certain products and related assets from Citron and Lucid (see Note 2).The Convertible Senior Notes (see Note 6) will only be included in the dilutive net income per share calculations using the treasury stock method during periods in which the average market price of Aceto’s common stock is above the applicable conversion price of the Convertible Senior Notes, or $33.215 per share, and the impact would not be anti-dilutive.

 

There were 61 common equivalent shares outstanding as of September 30, 2017 that were not included in the calculation of diluted net income per common share for the three months ended September 30, 2017 because their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

 

(6) Debt

 

Long-term debt

 

  

September 30,

2017

  

June 30,

2017

 
         
Convertible Senior Notes, net  $123,189   $121,676 
Revolving Bank Loans   70,000    90,000 
Term Bank Loans   135,660    139,227 
Mortgage   2,730    2,763 
    331,579    353,666 
Less current portion   14,482    14,466 
   $317,097   $339,200 

 

 9 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

  

Convertible Senior Notes

 

In November 2015, Aceto offered $125,000 aggregate principal amount of Convertible Senior Notes due 2020 (the "Notes") in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. In addition, Aceto granted the initial purchasers for the offering an option to purchase up to an additional $18,750 aggregate principal amount pursuant to the initial purchasers’ option to purchase additional Notes, which was exercised in November 2015. Therefore the total offering was $143,750 aggregate principal amount. The Notes are unsecured obligations of Aceto and rank senior in right of payment to any of Aceto’s subordinated indebtedness, equal in right of payment to all of Aceto’s unsecured indebtedness that is not subordinated, effectively junior in right of payment to any of Aceto’s secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness and structurally junior in right of payment to all indebtedness and other liabilities (including trade payables) of Aceto’s subsidiaries. The Notes will be convertible into cash, shares of Aceto common stock or a combination thereof, at Aceto’s election, upon the satisfaction of specified conditions and during certain periods. The Notes will mature in November 2020. The Notes pay 2.0% interest semi-annually in arrears on May 1 and November 1 of each year, which commenced on May 1, 2016. The Notes are convertible into 4,328 shares of common stock, based on an initial conversion price of $33.215 per share.

 

Holders may convert all or any portion of their notes, in multiples of one thousand dollar principal amount, at their option at any time prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding May 1, 2020 only under the following circumstances: (i) during any calendar quarter (and only during such calendar quarter), if the last reported sale price of the common stock for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price on each applicable trading day, (ii) during the five consecutive business day period after any five consecutive trading day period (which is referred to as the “measurement period”) in which the trading price per one thousand dollar principal amount of Notes for each trading day of the measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of Aceto’s common stock and the conversion rate on each such trading day; or (iii) upon the occurrence of specified corporate events.

 

Upon conversion by the holders, the Company may elect to settle such conversion in shares of its common stock, cash, or a combination thereof. As a result of its cash conversion option, the Company separately accounted for the value of the embedded conversion option as a debt discount (with an offset to capital in excess of par value). The debt discount is being amortized as additional non-cash interest expense using the effective interest method over the term of the Notes. Debt issuance costs are being amortized as additional non-cash interest expense. The Company presents debt issuance costs as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the debt liability rather than showing the debt issuance costs as a deferred charge on the balance sheet.

 

In connection with the offering of the Notes, Aceto entered into privately negotiated convertible note hedge transactions with option counterparties, which are affiliates of certain of the initial purchasers. The convertible note hedge transactions are expected generally to reduce the potential dilution to Aceto’s common stock and/or offset any cash payments Aceto is required to make in excess of the principal amount of converted Notes upon any conversion of Notes. Aceto also entered into privately negotiated warrant transactions with the option counterparties. The warrant transactions could separately have a dilutive effect to the extent that the market price per share of Aceto’s common stock as measured over the applicable valuation period at the maturity of the warrants exceeds the applicable strike price of the warrants. By entering into these transactions with the option counterparties, the Company issued convertible debt and a freestanding “call-spread.”

 

The carrying value of the Notes is as follows:

 

  

September 30,

2017

  

June 30,

2017

 
         
Principal amount  $143,750   $143,750 
Unamortized debt discount   (17,951)   (19,255)
Unamortized debt issuance costs   (2,610)   (2,819)
Net carrying value  $123,189   $121,676 

 

 10 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

The following table sets forth the components of total “interest expense” related to the Notes recognized in the accompanying consolidated statements of income for the three months ended September 30:

 

   2017   2016 
         
Contractual coupon  $709   $725 
Amortization of debt discount   1,304    1,223 
Amortization of debt issuance costs   209    209 
   $2,222   $2,157 

 

Credit Facilities

 

On December 21, 2016 the Company entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “A&R Credit Agreement”), with eleven banks, which amended and restated in its entirety the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of October 28, 2015, as amended by Amendment No. 1 to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of November 10, 2015, and Amendment No. 2 to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of August 26, 2016 (collectively, the “First Amended Credit Agreement”). The A&R Credit Agreement increases the aggregate available revolving commitment under the First Amended Credit Agreement from $150,000 to an initial aggregate available revolving commitment of $225,000 (the “Initial Revolving Commitment”). Under the A&R Credit Agreement, the Company may borrow, repay and reborrow from and as of December 21, 2016, to but excluding December 21, 2021 (the “Maturity Date”) provided, that if any of the Notes remain outstanding on the date that is 91 days prior to the maturity date of the Notes (the “2015 Convertible Maturity Date”), then the Maturity Date shall mean the date that is 91 days prior to the 2015 Convertible Maturity Date. The A&R Credit Agreement provides for (i) Eurodollar Loans (as such terms are defined in the A&R Credit Agreement), (ii) ABR Loans (as such terms are defined in the A&R Credit Agreement) or (iii) a combination thereof. As of September 30, 2017, the Company borrowed Revolving Loans aggregating $70,000 which loans are Eurodollar Loans at interest rates ranging from 3.24% to 3.45 % at September 30, 2017. The applicable interest rate margin percentage is subject to adjustment quarterly based upon the Company’s senior secured net leverage ratio.

 

Under the A&R Credit Agreement, the Company also borrowed $150,000 in term loans (the “Initial Term Loan). Subject to certain conditions, including obtaining commitments from existing or prospective lenders, the Company will have the right to increase the amount of the Initial Revolving Commitment (each, a “Revolving Facility Increase” and, together with the Initial Revolving Commitment, the “Revolving Commitment”) and/or the Initial Term Loan in an aggregate amount not to exceed $100,000 pursuant to an incremental loan feature in the A&R Credit Agreement. As of September 30, 2017, the remaining amount outstanding under the Initial Term Loan is $138,750 and is payable as a Eurodollar Loan at an interest rate of 3.33%. The proceeds of the Initial Revolving Commitment and Initial Term Loan have been used to partially finance the acquisition of generic products and related assets of Citron and its affiliate Lucid, and pay fees and expenses related thereto. The applicable interest rate margin percentage is subject to adjustment quarterly based upon the Company’s senior secured net leverage ratio.

 

The Initial Term Loan is payable as to principal in nineteen consecutive, equal quarterly installments of $3,750, which commenced on March 31, 2017 and will continue on each March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31 thereafter. To the extent not previously paid, the final payment on the Term Loan Maturity Date (as defined in the A&R Credit Agreement) shall be in an amount equal to the then outstanding unpaid principal amount of the Initial Term Loan.

 

As such, the Company has classified $15,000 of the Initial Term Loan as short-term in the consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2017. The A&R Credit Agreement, similar to the First Amended Credit Agreement, provides that commercial letters of credit shall be issued to provide the primary payment mechanism in connection with the purchase of any materials, goods or services in the ordinary course of business. The Company had no open letters of credit at September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017.

 

In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, deferred financing costs associated with the Initial Term Loan are presented as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the debt liability rather than showing the deferred financing costs as a deferred charge on the balance sheet. In addition, deferred financing costs associated with the Revolving Commitment have been recorded as a deferred charge on the balance sheet.

 

 11 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

The A&R Credit Agreement, like the First Amended Credit Agreement, provides for a security interest in substantially all of the personal property of the Company and certain of its subsidiaries. The A&R Credit Agreement contains several financial covenants including, among other things, maintaining a minimum level of debt service and certain leverage ratios. Under the A&R Credit Agreement, the Company and its subsidiaries are also subject to certain restrictive covenants, including, among other things, covenants governing liens, limitations on indebtedness, limitations on guarantees, limitations on sales of assets and sales of receivables, and limitations on loans and investments. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at September 30, 2017.

 

Mortgage

 

On June 30, 2011, the Company entered into a mortgage payable for $3,947 on its corporate headquarters, in Port Washington, New York. This mortgage payable is secured by the land and building and is being amortized over a period of 20 years. The mortgage payable, which was modified in October 2013, bears interest at 4.92% per annum as of September 30, 2017 and matures on June 30, 2021.

 

(7) Commitments, Contingencies and Other Matters

 

The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to various claims which have arisen in the normal course of business. The Company provides for costs related to contingencies when a loss from such claims is probable and the amount is reasonably determinable. In determining whether it is possible to provide an estimate of loss, or range of possible loss, the Company reviews and evaluates its litigation and regulatory matters on a quarterly basis in light of potentially relevant factual and legal developments. If the Company determines an unfavorable outcome is not probable or reasonably estimable, the Company does not accrue for a potential litigation loss. While the Company has determined that there is a reasonable possibility that a loss has been incurred, no amounts have been recognized in the financial statements, other than what has been discussed below, because the amount of the liability cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.

 

In fiscal years 2011, 2009, 2008 and 2007, the Company received letters from the Pulvair Site Group, a group of potentially responsible parties (PRP Group) who are working with the State of Tennessee (the State) to remediate a contaminated property in Tennessee called the Pulvair site. The PRP Group has alleged that Aceto shipped hazardous substances to the site which were released into the environment. The State had begun administrative proceedings against the members of the PRP Group and Aceto with respect to the cleanup of the Pulvair site and the PRP Group has begun to undertake cleanup. The PRP Group is seeking a settlement of approximately $1,700 from the Company for its share to remediate the site contamination. Although the Company acknowledges that it shipped materials to the site for formulation over twenty years ago, the Company believes that the evidence does not show that the hazardous materials sent by Aceto to the site have significantly contributed to the contamination of the environment and thus believes that, at most, it is a de minimis contributor to the site contamination. Accordingly, the Company believes that the settlement offer is unreasonable. Management believes that the ultimate outcome of this matter will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition or liquidity.

 

The Company has environmental remediation obligations in connection with Arsynco, Inc. (“Arsynco”), a subsidiary formerly involved in manufacturing chemicals located in Carlstadt, New Jersey, which was closed in 1993 and is currently held for sale. Based on continued monitoring of the contamination at the site and the approved plan of remediation, Arsynco received an estimate from an environmental consultant stating that the costs of remediation could be between $21,500 and $23,300. Remediation commenced in fiscal 2010, and as of September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017, a liability of $7,866 and $8,451, respectively, is included in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets for this matter. For the three months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded an environmental charge of $902, which is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of income for the three months ended September 30, 2017. In accordance with GAAP, management believes that the majority of costs incurred to remediate the site will be capitalized in preparing the property which is currently classified as held for sale. An estimate of the fair value of the property has been determined by a third party real estate professional and supports the assumption that the expected fair value after the remediation is in excess of the amount required to be capitalized. However, these matters, if resolved in a manner different from those assumed in current estimates, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, operating results and cash flows when resolved in a future reporting period.

 

 12 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

In connection with the environmental remediation obligation for Arsynco, in July 2009, Arsynco entered into a settlement agreement with BASF Corporation (“BASF”), the former owners of the Arsynco property. In accordance with the settlement agreement, BASF paid for a portion of the prior remediation costs and going forward, will co-remediate the property with the Company. The contract requires that BASF pay $550 related to past response costs and pay a proportionate share of the future remediation costs. Accordingly, the Company had recorded a gain of $550 in fiscal 2009. This $550 gain relates to the partial reimbursement of costs of approximately $1,200 that the Company had previously expensed. The Company also recorded an additional receivable from BASF, with an offset against property held for sale, representing its estimated portion of the future remediation costs. The balance of this receivable for future remediation costs as of September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017 is $3,540 and $3,803, respectively, which is included in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

In March 2006, Arsynco received notice from the EPA of its status as a PRP under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) for a site described as the Berry’s Creek Study Area (“BCSA”). Arsynco is one of over 150 PRPs which have potential liability for the required investigation and remediation of the site. The estimate of the potential liability is not quantifiable for a number of reasons, including the difficulty in determining the extent of contamination and the length of time remediation may require. In addition, any estimate of liability must also consider the number of other PRPs and their financial strength. In July 2014, Arsynco received notice from the U.S. Department of Interior (“USDOI”) regarding the USDOI’s intent to perform a Natural Resource Damage (NRD) Assessment at the BCSA. Arsynco has to date declined to participate in the development and performance of the NRD assessment process. Based on prior practice in similar situations, it is possible that the State may assert a claim for natural resource damages with respect to the Arsynco site itself, and either the federal government or the State (or both) may assert claims against Arsynco for natural resource damages in connection with Berry's Creek; any such claim with respect to Berry's Creek could also be asserted against the approximately 150 PRPs which the EPA has identified in connection with that site. Any claim for natural resource damages with respect to the Arsynco site itself may also be asserted against BASF, the former owners of the Arsynco property. In September 2012, Arsynco entered into an agreement with three of the other PRPs that had previously been impleaded into New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, et al. v. Occidental Chemical Corporation, et al., Docket No. ESX-L-9868-05 (the "NJDEP Litigation") and were considering impleading Arsynco into the same proceeding. Arsynco entered into an agreement to avoid impleader. Pursuant to the agreement, Arsynco agreed to (1) a tolling period that would not be included when computing the running of any statute of limitations that might provide a defense to the NJDEP Litigation; (2) the waiver of certain issue preclusion defenses in the NJDEP Litigation; and (3) arbitration of certain potential future liability allocation claims if the other parties to the agreement are barred by a court of competent jurisdiction from proceeding against Arsynco. In July 2015, Arsynco was contacted by an allocation consultant retained by a group of the named PRPs, inviting Arsynco to participate in the allocation among the PRPs’ investigation and remediation costs relating to the BCSA. Arsynco declined that invitation. Since an amount of the liability cannot be reasonably estimated at this time, no accrual is recorded for these potential future costs. The impact of the resolution of this matter on the Company’s results of operations in a particular reporting period is not currently known.

 

A subsidiary of the Company markets certain agricultural protection products which are subject to the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). FIFRA requires that test data be provided to the EPA to register, obtain and maintain approved labels for pesticide products. The EPA requires that follow-on registrants of these products compensate the initial registrant for the cost of producing the necessary test data on a basis prescribed in the FIFRA regulations. Follow-on registrants do not themselves generate or contract for the data. However, when FIFRA requirements mandate that new test data be generated to enable all registrants to continue marketing a pesticide product, often both the initial and follow-on registrants establish a task force to jointly undertake the testing effort. The Company is presently a member of several such task force groups, which requires payments for such memberships. In addition, in connection with our agricultural protection business, the Company plans to acquire product registrations and related data filed with the United States Environmental Protection Agency to support such registrations and other supporting data for several products. The acquisition of these product registrations and related data filed with the United States Environmental Protection Agency as well as payments to various task force groups could approximate $2,357 through the next twelve months.

 

(8) Fair Value Measurements

 

GAAP defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly fashion between market participants at the measurement date. GAAP establishes a fair value hierarchy for those instruments measured at fair value that distinguishes between assumptions based on market data (observable inputs) and the Company’s assumptions (unobservable inputs). The hierarchy consists of three levels:

 

Level 1 – Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

 

 13 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

Level 2 – Inputs other than Level 1 inputs that are either directly or indirectly observable; and

 

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.

 

On a recurring basis, Aceto measures at fair value certain financial assets and liabilities, which consist of cash equivalents, investments and foreign currency contracts. The Company classifies cash equivalents and investments within Level 1 if quoted prices are available in active markets. Level 1 assets include instruments valued based on quoted market prices in active markets which generally include corporate equity securities publicly traded on major exchanges. Time deposits are very short-term in nature and are accordingly valued at cost plus accrued interest, which approximates fair value, and are classified within Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy. The Company uses foreign currency futures contracts to minimize the risk caused by foreign currency fluctuation on its foreign currency receivables and payables by purchasing futures with one of its financial institutions. Futures are traded on regulated U.S. and international exchanges and represent commitments to purchase or sell a particular foreign currency at a future date and at a specific price. Aceto’s foreign currency derivative contracts are classified within Level 2 as the fair value of these hedges is primarily based on observable futures foreign exchange rates. At September 30, 2017, the Company had foreign currency contracts outstanding that had a notional amount of $48,816. Unrealized gains (losses) on hedging activities for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, was $295 and ($36), respectively, and are included in interest and other income, net, in the consolidated statements of income. The contracts have varying maturities of less than one year.

 

In conjunction with its existing credit agreement (see Note 6), the Company entered into an interest rate swap on March 21, 2017 for an additional interest cost of 2.005% on a notional amount of $100,000, which has been designated as a cash flow hedge. The expiration date of this interest rate swap is December 21, 2021. The remaining balance of this derivative as of September 30, 2017 is $92,500. The unrealized loss to date associated with this derivative, which is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2017, is $475. Aceto’s interest rate swaps are classified within Level 2 as the fair value of this hedge is primarily based on observable interest rates.

 

At September 30, 2017, the Company had $3,077 of contingent consideration, $2,924 of which related to the acquisition of certain products and related assets of Citron and Lucid, which was completed in December 2016 (see Note 2) and $153 of contingent consideration related to a previously acquired company in France. At September 30, 2016, the Company had $135 of contingent consideration related to a previously acquired company in France. The contingent consideration was calculated using the present value of a probability weighted income approach.

 

During the fourth quarter of each year, the Company evaluates goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level using a market participant approach using Level 3 inputs. Additionally, on a nonrecurring basis, the Company uses fair value measures when analyzing asset impairment.

 

Long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.  If it is determined such indicators are present and the review indicates that the assets will not be fully recoverable, based on undiscounted estimated cash flows over the remaining amortization periods, their carrying values are reduced to estimated fair value.  Measurements based on undiscounted cash flows are considered to be Level 3 inputs.

 

In connection with the acquisition of certain products and related assets of Citron and Lucid (see Note 2), the Company will issue 5,122 shares of Aceto common stock beginning on December 21, 2019. The preliminary fair value of the future issuance of these shares was determined to be $90,400 at the time of the product acquisition after taking into effect that the shares won’t be issued until the third and fourth anniversary of the closing and the present value calculation of dividends.

 

In November 2015, the Company issued $143,750 aggregate principal amount of Notes (see Note 6). Since Aceto has the option to settle the potential conversion of the Notes in cash, the Company separated the embedded conversion option feature from the debt feature and accounts for each component separately, based on the fair value of the debt component assuming no conversion option. The calculation of the fair value of the debt component required the use of Level 3 inputs, and was determined by calculating the fair value of similar non-convertible debt, using a theoretical borrowing rate of 6.5%. The value of the embedded conversion option was determined using an expected present value technique (income approach) to estimate the fair value of similar non-convertible debt and included utilization of convertible investors’ credit assumptions and high yield bond indices. The Notes approximate a full fair value of $129,000 at September 30, 2017 giving effect to certain factors, including the term of the Notes, current stock price of Aceto stock and effective interest rate.

 

The carrying values of all financial instruments classified as a current asset or current liability are deemed to approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments. The fair values of the Company’s notes receivable and short-term and long-term bank loans were based upon current rates offered for similar financial instruments to the Company.

 

 14 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

The following tables summarize the valuation of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities which were determined by using the following inputs at September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017:

 

   Fair Value Measurements at September 30, 2017 Using 
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
 (Level 3)
   Total 
                 
Cash equivalents:                    
Time deposits   -   $5,970    -   $5,970 
                     
Investments:                    
Time deposits   -    3,048    -    3,048 
                     
Foreign currency contracts-assets (1)   -    529    -    529 
Foreign currency contracts-liabilities (2)   -    232    -    232 
Derivative liability for interest rate swap (3)   -    475    -    475 
Contingent consideration (4)   -    -   $3,077    3,077 

 

(1)Included in “Other receivables” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2017.
(2)Included in “Accrued expenses” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2017.
(3)Included in “Long-term liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2017.
(4)$153 included in “Accrued expenses” and $2,924 included in “Long-term liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2017.

 

   Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2017 Using 
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   Total 
                 
Cash equivalents:                    
Time deposits   -   $5,781    -   $5,781 
                     
Investments:                    
Time deposits   -    2,046    -    2,046 
                     
Foreign currency contracts-assets (5)   -    486    -    486 
Foreign currency contracts-liabilities (6)   -    137    -    137 
Derivative liability for interest rate swap(7)   -    581    -    581 
Contingent consideration (8)   -    -   $2,952    2,952 

 

(5)Included in “Other receivables” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2017.
(6)Included in “Accrued expenses” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2017.
(7)Included in “Long-term liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2017.
(8)$145 included in “Accrued expenses” and $2,807 included in “Long-term liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2017.

 

 15 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

  

(9) Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In August 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities which has the objective of improving the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements. In addition to that main objective, the amendments in ASU 2017-12 make certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance in current GAAP. The amendments in ASU 2017-12 are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of ASU 2017-12.

 

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. ASU 2017-09 is effective for all entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not believe this new accounting standard update will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04 Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) which would eliminate the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, the amount of an impairment charge would be recognized if the carrying amount of a reporting unit is greater than its fair value. ASU 2017-04 is effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company does not believe this new accounting pronouncement will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01 Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. ASU 2017-01 is effective for public companies for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods. The Company does not believe this new accounting pronouncement will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing diversity in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of ASU 2016-15.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which changes certain aspects of accounting for share-based payments to employees. The Company adopted ASU 2016-09 as of July 1, 2017. ASU 2016-09 requires that all tax benefits and deficiencies related to share-based payments be recognized and recorded through the statement of income for all awards settled or expiring after the adoption of ASU 2016-09. Under prior guidance, tax benefits in excess of compensation costs ("windfalls") were recorded in equity, and any tax deficiencies ("shortfalls") were recorded in equity to the extent of previous windfalls and then to the statement of income. For the three months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded $1,128 of additional income tax expense associated with net tax deficiencies. ASU 2016-09 also requires, either prospectively or retrospectively, that all tax-related cash flows resulting from share-based payments be reported as operating activities on the statement of cash flows, a change from prior guidance that required windfall tax benefits to be presented as an inflow from financing activities and an outflow from operating activities on the statement of cash flows. The Company has elected to adopt such presentation on a prospective basis. Additionally, ASU 2016-09 allows entities to make an accounting policy election for the impact of most types of forfeitures on the recognition of expense for share-based payment awards by allowing the forfeitures to be either estimated, as was required under prior guidance, or recognized when they actually occur. Under ASU 2016-09, the Company recognizes forfeitures when they actually occur.

 

 16 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) that replaces existing lease guidance. The new standard is intended to provide enhanced transparency and comparability by requiring lessees to record right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities on the balance sheet. The new guidance will continue to classify leases as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the statement of income. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years (and interim reporting periods within those years) beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of ASU 2016-02.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, Income Taxes (Topic 740) Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Assets. This ASU is intended to simplify the presentation of deferred taxes on the balance sheet and will require an entity to present all deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities as non-current on the balance sheet. Under the prior guidance, entities were required to separately present deferred taxes as current or non-current. Netting deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities by tax jurisdiction will still be required under the new guidance. The Company prospectively adopted the provisions of ASU 2015-17, as of July 1, 2017. The Company's prospective adoption of ASU 2015-17 impacts the classification of deferred tax assets and liabilities on any balance sheet that reports the Company's financial position for any date after June 30, 2017. Balance sheets for prior periods have not been adjusted. The adoption of ASU 2015-17 has no impact on the Company's results of operations or cash flows.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330)Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory. This ASU requires that an entity measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted this standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have any impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is the new comprehensive revenue recognition standard that will supersede all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The standard's core principle is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB subsequently issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Deferral of the Effective Date, which approved a one year deferral of ASU 2014-09 for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. In March 2016 and April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), and ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, respectively, which further clarify the guidance related to those specific topics within ASU 2014-09. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Narrow Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, to reduce the risk of diversity in practice for certain aspects in ASU 2014-09, including collectibility, noncash consideration, presentation of sales tax and transition. Additionally, in December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-20, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2016-20 makes minor corrections or minor improvements to the standard that are not expected to have a significant effect on current accounting practice or create a significant administrative cost to most entities. The Company has made progress in its evaluation of the amended guidance, including identification of revenue streams. The Company recognizes revenue from product sales at the time of shipment and passage of title and risk of loss and control of the goods is transferred to the customer. The Company has no acceptance or other post-shipment obligations and does not offer product warranties or services to its customers. Although the Company is continuing to assess the impact of the amended guidance, Aceto generally anticipates that the timing of recognition of revenue will be substantially unchanged under the amended guidance. The Company is continuing to evaluate the impact on certain other transactions including third-party collaborations and other arrangements. The amended guidance will be effective for Aceto in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and permits adoption under either the full retrospective approach (recognize effects of the amended guidance in each prior reporting period presented) or the modified retrospective approach (recognize the cumulative effect of adoption as an adjustment to retained earnings at the date of initial application). The Company anticipates adopting this amended standard on a modified retrospective basis.

 

(10) Segment Information

 

The Company's business is organized along product lines into three principal segments: Human Health, Pharmaceutical Ingredients and Performance Chemicals.

 

Human Health - includes finished dosage form generic drugs and nutraceutical products.

 

 17 

 

 

ACETO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited and in thousands, except per-share amounts)

 

 

Pharmaceutical Ingredients – includes pharmaceutical intermediates and active pharmaceutical ingredients (“APIs”).

 

Performance Chemicals - The Performance Chemicals segment is made up of two product groups: Specialty Chemicals and Agricultural Protection Products. Specialty Chemicals include a variety of chemicals used in the manufacture of plastics, surface coatings, cosmetics and personal care, textiles, fuels and lubricants, perform to their designed capabilities. Dye and pigment intermediates are used in the color-producing industries such as textiles, inks, paper, and coatings. Organic intermediates are used in the production of agrochemicals.

 

Agricultural Protection Products include herbicides, fungicides and insecticides that control weed growth as well as control the spread of insects and other microorganisms that can severely damage plant growth.

 

The Company's chief operating decision maker evaluates performance of the segments based on net sales, gross profit and income before income taxes. Unallocated corporate amounts are deemed by the Company as administrative, oversight costs, not managed by the segment managers. The Company does not allocate assets by segment because the chief operating decision maker does not review the assets by segment to assess the segments' performance, as the assets are managed on an entity-wide basis. During all periods presented, our chief operating decision maker has been the Chief Executive Officer of the Company. In accordance with GAAP, the Company has aggregated certain operating segments into reportable segments because they have similar economic characteristics, and the operating segments are similar in all of the following areas: (a) the nature of the products and services; (b) the nature of the production processes; (c) the type or class of customer for their products and services; (d) the methods used to distribute their products or provide their services; and (e) the nature of the regulatory environment.

 

Three months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016:

 

   Human
Health
   Pharmaceutical
Ingredients
   Performance
Chemicals
   Unallocated
Corporate
   Consolidated
Totals
 
2017                    
Net sales  $106,015   $36,576   $42,664   $-   $185,255 
Gross profit   24,647    5,840    9,496    -    39,983 
Income (loss) before income taxes   5,026    2,231    4,945    (10,064)   2,138 
                          
2016                         
Net sales  $47,889   $40,616   $39,513   $-   $128,018 
Gross profit   14,205    6,954    9,680    -    30,839 
Income (loss) before income taxes   3,972    3,067    4,832    (5,091)   6,780 

 

 18 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

Board of Directors and Shareholders

Aceto Corporation

Port Washington, NY

 

We have reviewed the condensed consolidated balance sheet of Aceto Corporation and subsidiaries as of September 30, 2017 and related condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income for the three-month periods ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, and cash flows for the three-month periods ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 included in the accompanying Securities and Exchange Commission Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2017. These interim financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.

 

We conducted our reviews in accordance with standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

 

Based on our reviews, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the condensed consolidated financial statements referred to above for them to be in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

We have previously audited, in accordance with standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the consolidated balance sheet of Aceto Corporation and subsidiaries as of June 30, 2017, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, shareholders’ equity and cash flows for the year then ended (not presented herein); and in our report dated August 25, 2017, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2017, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.

 

/s/ BDO USA, LLP  
   
Melville, New York  
November 3, 2017  

 

 19 

 

 

Item 2.Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT RELATING TO THE SAFE HARBOR PROVISIONS OF THE PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995

 

This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements as that term is defined in the federal securities laws. The events described in forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report may not occur. Generally, these statements relate to our business plans or strategies, projected or anticipated benefits or other consequences of our plans or strategies, financing plans, projected or anticipated benefits from acquisitions that we may make, or projections involving anticipated revenues, earnings or other aspects of our operating results or financial position, and the outcome of any contingencies. Any such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections of management. We intend for these forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe-harbor provisions for forward-looking statements. Words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “project,” “plan,” “intend,” “estimate,” and “continue,” and their opposites and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. We caution you that these statements are not guarantees of future performance or events and are subject to a number of uncertainties, risks and other influences, many of which are beyond our control that may influence the accuracy of the statements and the projections upon which the statements are based. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth or implied by any forward-looking statement include, but are not limited to, our ability to remain competitive with competitors, risks associated with the generic product industry, dependence on a limited number of suppliers, risks associated with healthcare reform and reductions in reimbursement rates, difficulty in predicting revenue stream and gross profit, industry and market changes, the effect of fluctuations in operating results on the trading price of our common stock, risks associated with holding a significant amount of debt, inventory levels, reliance on outside manufacturers, risks of incurring uninsured environmental and other industry specific liabilities, governmental approvals and regulations, risks associated with hazardous materials, potential violations of government regulations, product liability claims, reliance on Chinese suppliers, potential changes to Chinese laws and regulations, potential changes to laws governing our relationships in India, fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, tax assessments, changes in tax rules, global economic risks, risk of unsuccessful acquisitions, effect of acquisitions on earnings, indemnification liabilities, terrorist activities, reliance on key executives, litigation risks, volatility of the market price of our common stock, changes to estimates, judgments and assumptions used in preparing financial statements, failure to maintain effective internal controls, and compliance with changing regulations, as well as other risks and uncertainties discussed in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including, but not limited to, our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 and other filings. Copies of these filings are available at www.sec.gov.

 

Any one or more of these uncertainties, risks and other influences could materially affect our results of operations and whether forward-looking statements made by us ultimately prove to be accurate. Our actual results, performance and achievements could differ materially from those expressed or implied in these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether from new information, future events or otherwise.

 

NOTE REGARDING DOLLAR AMOUNTS

 

In this quarterly report, all dollar amounts are expressed in thousands, except for per-share amounts.

 

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) is intended to provide the readers of our financial statements with a narrative discussion about our business. The MD&A is provided as a supplement to and should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the accompanying notes.

 

Executive Summary

 

We are reporting net sales of $185,255 for the three months ended September 30, 2017, which represents a 44.7% increase from the $128,018 reported in the comparable prior period. Gross profit for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $39,983 and our gross margin was 21.6% as compared to gross profit of $30,839 and gross margin of 24.1% in the comparable prior period. Our selling, general and administrative costs (“SG&A”) for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $31,149, an increase of $10,125 from what we reported in the prior period. Our net income decreased to $454, or $0.01 per diluted share, compared to net income of $4,385, or $0.15 per diluted share, in the prior period. As more fully described below, results for the quarter ended September 30, 2017 reflect the Company’s acquisition in December 2016 of certain generic products and related assets of entities formerly known as Citron Pharma LLC (“Citron”), and its affiliate Lucid Pharma LLC (“Lucid”).

 

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Our financial position as of September 30, 2017 remains strong, as we had cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments of $75,148, working capital of $240,551 and shareholders’ equity of $409,230.

 

Our business is separated into three principal segments: Human Health, Pharmaceutical Ingredients and Performance Chemicals.

 

Products that fall within the Human Health segment include finished dosage form generic drugs and nutraceutical products. Aceto sells generic prescription products and over-the-counter pharmaceutical products to leading wholesalers, chain drug stores, distributors and mass merchandisers. On December 21, 2016, Rising completed the acquisition of certain generic products and related assets of Citron and Lucid. Rising formed two subsidiaries to consummate the product acquisition – Rising Health, LLC (which acquired certain products and related assets of Citron) and Acetris Health, LLC (which acquired certain products and related assets of Lucid). Citron was a privately-held New Jersey-based pharmaceutical company focused on developing and marketing generic pharmaceutical products in partnership with leading generic pharmaceutical manufacturers based in India and the U.S. Lucid was a privately-held New Jersey-based generic pharmaceutical distributor specializing in providing cost-effective products to various agencies of the U.S. Federal Government including the Veterans Administration and the Defense Logistics Agency. Lucid serviced 18 national contracts with the Federal Government, nearly all of which have 5-year terms.

 

The assets acquired in this transaction expand, complement, and strengthen our existing and future product offerings. In what has become a competitive generic drug business environment, one key for long-term success is having an ever-growing commercial portfolio of generic products, a strong internal drug development pipeline and capable, reliable manufacturing partners. This transaction adds significantly to the Rising business platform in all three crucial areas. We believe that, consistent with our strategy of expanding our portfolio of finished dosage form generic products through product development partnerships and acquisitions of late stage assets, abbreviated new drug applications (“ANDAs”) and complementary generic drug businesses, this product acquisition significantly expanded our roster of commercialized products and pipeline of products under development. In addition, we believe that this transaction greatly enhanced our size and stature within the generic pharmaceutical industry, expanded our partnership network and offers us opportunities to realize meaningful cost and tax efficiencies, as well as representing an integral component of Aceto's continued strategy to become a Human Health oriented company.

 

According to a QuintilesIMS press release on May 5, 2017, growth in U.S. spending on prescription medicines fell in 2016 as competition intensified among manufacturers, and payers ramped up efforts to limit price increases. According to the QuintilesIMS Institute study, “Drug spending grew at a 4.8 percent pace in 2016 to $323 billion, less than half the rate of the previous two years, after adjusting for off-invoice discounts and rebates. The surge of innovative medicine introductions paused in 2016, with fewer than half as many new drugs launched than in 2014 and 2015. While the total use of medicines continued to climb—with total prescriptions dispensed reaching 6.1 billion, up 3.3 percent over 2015 levels—the spike in new patients being treated for hepatitis C ebbed, which contributed to the decline in spend. Net price increases—reflecting rebates and other price breaks from manufacturers—averaged 3.5 percent last year, up from 2.5 percent in 2015.”

 

Aceto supplies the raw materials used in the production of nutritional and packaged dietary supplements, including vitamins, amino acids, iron compounds and biochemicals used in pharmaceutical and nutritional preparations.

 

The Pharmaceutical Ingredients segment has two product groups: Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) and Pharmaceutical Intermediates.

 

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We supply APIs to many of the major generic drug companies, who we believe view Aceto as a valued partner in their effort to develop and market generic drugs. The process of introducing a new API from pipeline to market spans a number of years and begins with Aceto partnering with a generic pharmaceutical manufacturer and jointly selecting an API, several years before the expiration of a composition of matter patent, for future genericizing. We then identify the appropriate supplier, and concurrently utilizing our global technical network, work to ensure they meet standards of quality to comply with regulations. Our client, the generic pharmaceutical company, will submit the ANDA for U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) approval or European-equivalent approval. The introduction of the API to market occurs after all the development testing has been completed and the ANDA or European-equivalent is approved and the patent expires or is deemed invalid. Aceto, at all times, has a pipeline of APIs at various stages of development both in the United States and Europe. Additionally, as the pressure to lower the overall cost of healthcare increases, Aceto has focused on, and works very closely with our customers to develop new API opportunities to provide alternative, more economical, second-source options for existing generic drugs. By leveraging our worldwide sourcing, regulatory and quality assurance capabilities, we provide to generic drug manufacturers an alternative, economical source for existing API products.

 

Aceto has long been a supplier of pharmaceutical intermediates, the complex chemical compounds that are the building blocks used in producing APIs. These are the critical components of all drugs, whether they are already on the market or currently undergoing clinical trials. Faced with significant economic pressures as well as ever-increasing regulatory barriers, the innovative drug companies look to Aceto as a source for high quality intermediates.

 

Aceto employs, on occasion, the same second source strategy for our pharmaceutical intermediates business that we use in our API business. Historically, pharmaceutical manufacturers have had one source for the intermediates needed to produce their products. Utilizing our global sourcing, regulatory support and quality assurance network, Aceto works with the large, global pharmaceutical companies, sourcing lower cost, quality pharmaceutical intermediates that will meet the same high level standards that their current commercial products adhere to.

 

The Performance Chemicals segment includes specialty chemicals and agricultural protection products.

 

Aceto is a major supplier to many different industrial segments providing chemicals used in the manufacture of plastics, surface coatings, cosmetics and personal care, textiles, fuels and lubricants. The paint and coatings industry produces products that bring color, texture, and protection to houses, furniture, packaging, paper, and durable goods. Many of today's coatings are eco-friendly, by allowing inks and coatings to be cured by ultraviolet light instead of solvents, or allowing power coatings to be cured without solvents. These growing technologies are critical in protecting and enhancing the world's ecology and Aceto is focused on supplying the specialty additives that make modern coating techniques possible.

 

The chemistry that makes much of the modern world possible is often done by building up simple molecules to sophisticated compounds in step-by-step chemical processes. The products that are incorporated in each step are known as intermediates and they can be as varied as the end uses they serve, such as crop protection products, dyes and pigments, textiles, fuel additives, electronics - essentially all things chemical.

 

Aceto provides various specialty chemicals for the food, flavor, fragrance, paper and film industries. Aceto’s raw materials are also used in sophisticated technology products, such as high-end electronic parts used for photo tooling, circuit boards, production of computer chips, and in the production of many of today's modern gadgets.

 

According to an October 17, 2017 Federal Reserve Statistical Release, in the third quarter of calendar year 2017, the index for consumer durables, which impacts the Specialty Chemicals business of the Performance Chemicals segment, is expected to decrease at an annual rate of 6.4%.

 

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Aceto’s agricultural protection products include herbicides, fungicides and insecticides, which control weed growth as well as the spread of insects and microorganisms that can severely damage plant growth. One of Aceto's most widely used agricultural protection products is a sprout inhibitor that extends the storage life of potatoes. Utilizing our global sourcing and regulatory capabilities, we identify and qualify manufacturers either producing the product or with knowledge of the chemistry necessary to produce the product, and then file an application with the U.S. EPA for a product registration. Aceto has an ongoing working relationship with manufacturers in China and India to determine which of the non-patented or generic, agricultural protection products they produce can be effectively marketed in the Western world. We have successfully brought numerous products to market. We have a strong pipeline, which includes future additions to our product portfolio. The combination of our global sourcing and regulatory capabilities makes the generic agricultural market a niche for us and we will continue to offer new product additions in this market. In the National Agricultural Statistics Services release dated June 30, 2017, the total crop acreage planted in the United States in 2017 decreased by .3% to 318 million acres from 319 million acres in 2016. The number of peanut acres planted in 2017 increased 8.8% from 2016 levels while sugarcane acreage harvested decreased 3.4% from 2016. In addition, the potato acreage harvested in 2017 increased approximately .7% from the 2016 level.

 

We believe our main business strengths are sourcing, regulatory support, quality assurance, marketing and distribution. We distribute more than 1,100 chemical compounds used principally as finished products or raw materials in the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, agricultural, coatings and industrial chemical industries. With business operations in ten countries, we believe that our global reach is distinctive in the industry, enabling us to source and supply quality products on a worldwide basis. Leveraging local professionals, we source approximately two-thirds of our products from Asia, buying from approximately 500 companies in China and 200 in India.

 

In this MD&A, we explain our general financial condition and results of operations, including, among other things, the following:

 

·factors that affect our business
·our earnings and costs in the periods presented
·changes in earnings and costs between periods
·sources of earnings
·the impact of these factors on our overall financial condition

 

As you read this MD&A section, refer to the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income, which present the results of our operations for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. We analyze and explain the differences between periods in the specific line items of the condensed consolidated statements of income.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies

 

As disclosed in our Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2017, the discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. In preparing these financial statements, we were required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We regularly evaluate our estimates including those related to allowances for bad debts, revenue recognition, partnered products, inventories, goodwill and indefinite-life intangible assets, long-lived assets, environmental and other contingencies, income taxes, stock-based compensation and purchase price allocation. We base our estimates on various factors, including historical experience, advice from outside subject-matter experts, and various assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, which together form the basis for our making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Since June 30, 2017, there have been no significant changes to the assumptions and estimates related to those critical accounting estimates and policies.

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2017 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2016

 

   Net Sales by Segment
Three months ended September 30,
 
                         
   2017   2016   Comparison 2017
Over/(Under) 2016
 
       % of       % of   $   % 
Segment  Net sales   Total   Net sales   Total   Change   Change 
                         
Human Health  $106,015    57.2%  $47,889    37.4%  $58,126    121.4%
Pharmaceutical Ingredients   36,576    19.8    40,616    31.7    (4,040)   (9.9)
Performance Chemicals   42,664    23.0    39,513    30.9    3,151    8.0 
                               
Net sales  $185,255    100.0%  $128,018    100.0%  $57,237    44.7%

 

   Gross Profit by Segment
Three months ended September 30,
 
   2017   2016   Comparison 2017
Over/(Under) 2016
 
   Gross   % of   Gross   % of   $   % 
Segment  Profit   Sales   Profit   Sales   Change   Change 
                         
Human Health  $24,647    23.2%  $14,205    29.7%  $10,442    73.5%
Pharmaceutical Ingredients   5,840    16.0    6,954    17.1    (1,114)   (16.0)
Performance Chemicals   9,496    22.3    9,680    24.5    (184)   (1.9)
                               
Gross profit  $39,983    21.6%  $30,839    24.1%  $9,144    29.7%

 

Net Sales

 

Net sales increased $57,237, or 44.7%, to $185,255 for the three months ended September 30, 2017, compared with $128,018 for the prior period. We reported sales increases in our Human Health and Performance Chemicals segments and a decrease in our Pharmaceutical Ingredients segment.

 

Human Health

 

Net sales for the Human Health segment increased by $58,126 for the three months ended September 30, 2017, to $106,015, which represents a 121.4% increase over net sales of $47,889 for the prior period. The primary reason for the increase is due to the acquisition of certain products and related assets of Citron and Lucid. Sales from the product acquisition of $55,130 are included in the three months ended September 30, 2017.

 

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Pharmaceutical Ingredients

 

Net sales for the Pharmaceutical Ingredients segment decreased $4,040 or 9.9% to $36,576 when compared to the prior period net sales of $40,616. The decrease in sales for this segment was due primarily to a decline in sales of domestic APIs of $2,792, mainly due to reduced orders of a customer-launched API, as well as a drop in customer demand for two other API products, sold in the U.S. Domestic sales of intermediates have decreased $1,036 from the prior period due to customer inventory reduction and a delay in timing of orders for certain intermediate products.

 

Performance Chemicals

 

Net sales for the Performance Chemicals segment was $42,664 for the three months ended September 30, 2017, representing an increase of $3,151 or 8.0%, from net sales of $39,513 for the prior period. Specialty Chemicals business experienced a rise in sales of $4,251 over the prior period. The rise in Specialty Chemicals sales is partly due to an increase in domestic sales of $1,658, primarily from increased sales of agricultural and pigment intermediates. In addition, sales of specialty chemical products sold abroad, increased $2,593 over the prior period, predominantly at our subsidiaries in France and Germany. Performance Chemicals sales were impacted by a $1,100 drop in sales of our agricultural protection products, predominantly from a decline in sales of a fungicide used to prevent disease on pecan crops, which we expect to sell in our second quarter of fiscal year 2018.

 

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit increased $9,144 to $39,983 (21.6% of net sales) for the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to $30,839 (24.1% of net sales) for the prior period.

 

Human Health

 

Human Health segment’s gross profit of $24,647 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 increased $10,442, or 73.5%, over the prior period. The gross margin of 23.2% was lower than the prior period’s gross margin of 29.7%, but consistent with quarters subsequent to the product acquisition. The increase in Human Health’s gross profit was partially related to gross profit of $11,332 on sales from the product acquisition, which is included in the three months ended September 30, 2017. This increase was partially offset by the decline of gross profit and gross margin on other Rising products, primarily driven by unfavorable product mix on certain products and increased competition.

 

Pharmaceutical Ingredients

 

Pharmaceutical Ingredients’ gross profit of $5,840 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 decreased $1,114, or 16.0%, over the prior period. The gross margin of 16.0% was lower than the prior period’s gross margin of 17.1%. The decrease in gross profit and gross margin was predominantly the result of the decrease in the sales volume of APIs sold domestically, as well as a drop in reorders of a certain API which typically yields a significantly higher gross margin. In addition, our international subsidiaries experienced an unfavorable product mix on API sales.

 

Performance Chemicals

 

Gross profit for the Performance Chemicals segment decreased to $9,496 for the three months ended September 30, 2017, versus $9,680 for the prior year, a decrease of $184 or 1.9%. The gross margin at 22.3% for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was lower than the prior year’s gross margin of 24.5%. The decrease in gross profit was due to a $429 decline in gross profit for the Agricultural Protection Products business, as a result of the sales volume decline. The drop in gross margin from the prior period is a result of an unfavorable product mix on sales of specialty chemical products sold domestically.

 

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Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

SG&A of $31,149 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 increased $10,125 or 48.2% from $21,024 reported for the prior period. As a percentage of sales, SG&A increased to 16.8% for the three months ended September 30, 2017 versus 16.4% in the prior period. SG&A for the current period included $5,379 of amortization expense associated with the purchased intangible assets related to the product purchase. We recorded $4,064 of one-time costs associated with the separation of the Company’s former Chief Executive Officer, including $2,017 of stock-based compensation. In addition, SG&A increased due to a $902 environmental charge related to Arsynco. The increase in SG&A is also due in part to approximately $325 of consulting services provided by former Citron and Lucid employees in connection with the Transition Services Agreement associated with the product purchase agreement, as well as approximately $680 of outsourcing fees related to the accounting processes of Rising Health and Acetris Health. SG&A for the prior period included $1,809 of transaction costs related to the product purchase agreement.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses (“R&D”) increased to $1,615 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 compared to $1,050 for the prior period. R&D expenses represent investment in our generic finished dosage form product pipeline. The majority of the R&D expenses are milestone based, which was the primary cause for such increase and will likely cause fluctuation from quarter to quarter.

 

Operating Income

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2017 operating income was $7,219 compared to $8,765 in the prior period, a decrease of $1,546 or 17.6%.

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense was $5,355 for the three months ended September 30 2017, an increase of $3,122 or 139.8% from the prior period. The increase was primarily due to interest expense associated with the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, which was entered into on December 21, 2016 to help fund our product acquisition, as well as additional interest associated with the $50,000 unsecured deferred payment related to the product acquisition.

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2017 increased to 78.8% compared to 35.3% for the prior period. For the three months ended September 30, 2017, we recorded $1,128 of additional income tax expense associated with net tax deficiencies under ASU 2016-09, which was adopted in the first quarter of fiscal 2018.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Cash Flows

 

At September 30, 2017, we had $72,100 in cash, of which $47,050 was outside the United States, $3,048 in short-term investments, all of which is held outside the United States, and $331,579 in long-term debt (including the current portion), all of which is an obligation in the United States. Working capital was $240,551 at September 30, 2017 compared to $248,750 at June 30, 2017. The $47,050 of cash held outside of the United States is fully accessible to meet any liquidity needs of our business located in any of the countries in which we operate. The majority of the cash located outside of the United States is held by our European operations and can be transferred into the United States. Although these amounts are fully accessible, transferring these amounts into the United States or any other countries could have certain tax consequences. We intend to indefinitely reinvest these undistributed earnings and have no plan for further repatriation. A deferred tax liability will be recognized when we expect that we will recover undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries in a taxable manner, such as through receipt of dividends or sale of the investments. A portion of our cash is held in operating accounts that are with third party financial institutions. While we monitor daily the cash balances in our operating accounts and adjust the cash balances as appropriate, these cash balances could be impacted if the underlying financial institutions fail or are subject to other adverse conditions in the financial markets. To date, we have experienced no loss or lack of access to cash in our operating accounts.

 

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Our cash position at September 30, 2017 increased $16,420 from the amount at June 30, 2017.

 

Operating activities for the three months ended September 30, 2017 provided cash of $43,965 for this period, as compared to cash provided of $10,650 for the comparable period. The $43,965 resulted from $454 in net income and $12,787 derived from adjustments for non-cash items and a net $30,724 increase from changes in operating assets and liabilities. The non-cash items included $8,301 in depreciation and amortization expense, $1,099 for deferred income taxes, a $902 environmental charge, $1,513 for amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount and $3,146 in non-cash stock compensation expense. Trade accounts receivable decreased $21,137 during the three months ended September 30, 2017, due predominantly to a decrease in days sales outstanding, particularly at our Rising subsidiary. Inventories decreased by $2,225 and accounts payable increased by $7,699 due primarily to inventories held in stock at our Rising subsidiary, as well as timing of payments processed at the end of the quarter. Our cash position at September 30, 2016 increased $6,314 from the amount at June 30, 2016. Operating activities for the three months ended September 30, 2016 provided cash of $10,650 for this period. The $10,650 resulted from $4,385 in net income and $7,456 derived from net adjustments for non-cash items less a net $1,191 decrease from changes in operating assets and liabilities.

 

Investing activities for the three months ended September 30, 2017 used cash of $2,569 primarily from purchases of property and equipment and intangible assets of $1,560 and purchases of investments in time deposits of $2,655, offset by sales of investments in time deposits of $1,646. Investing activities for the three months ended September 30, 2016 used cash of $3,152 primarily from purchases of intangible assets and property and equipment of $2,135 and purchases of investments in time deposits of $1,017.

 

Financing activities for the three months ended September 30, 2017 used cash of $25,645, primarily from $23,783 of repayments of bank loans and $1,935 payment of cash dividends. Financing activities for the three months ended September 30, 2016 used cash of $1,381 primarily from $1,954 payment of cash dividends offset in part by $437 of excess income tax benefits on stock option exercises.

 

Credit Facilities

 

We have available credit facilities with certain foreign financial institutions. At September 30, 2017, the Company had available lines of credit with foreign financial institutions totaling $7,602, all of which is available for borrowing by the respective foreign territories. We are not subject to any financial covenants under these arrangements.

 

On December 21, 2016 the Company entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “A&R Credit Agreement”), with eleven banks, which amended and restated in its entirety the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of October 28, 2015, as amended by Amendment No. 1 to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of November 10, 2015, and Amendment No. 2 to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of August 26, 2016 (collectively, the “First Amended Credit Agreement”). The A&R Credit Agreement increases the aggregate available revolving commitment under the First Amended Credit Agreement from $150,000 to an initial aggregate available revolving commitment of $225,000 (the “Initial Revolving Commitment”). Under the A&R Credit Agreement, the Company may borrow, repay and reborrow from and as of December 21, 2016, to but excluding December 21, 2021 (the “Maturity Date”) provided, that if any of the Notes remain outstanding on the date that is 91 days prior to the maturity date of the Notes (the “2015 Convertible Maturity Date”), then the Maturity Date shall mean the date that is 91 days prior to the 2015 Convertible Maturity Date. The A&R Credit Agreement provides for (i) Eurodollar Loans (as such terms are defined in the A&R Credit Agreement), (ii) ABR Loans (as such terms are defined in the A&R Credit Agreement) or (iii) a combination thereof. As of September 30, 2017, the Company borrowed Revolving Loans aggregating $70,000 which loans are Eurodollar Loans at interest rates ranging from 3.24% to 3.45 % at September 30, 2017. The applicable interest rate margin percentage is subject to adjustment quarterly based upon the Company’s senior secured net leverage ratio.

 

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Under the A&R Credit Agreement, the Company also borrowed $150,000 in term loans (the “Initial Term Loan). Subject to certain conditions, including obtaining commitments from existing or prospective lenders, the Company will have the right to increase the amount of the Initial Revolving Commitment (each, a “Revolving Facility Increase” and, together with the Initial Revolving Commitment, the “Revolving Commitment”) and/or the Initial Term Loan in an aggregate amount not to exceed $100,000 pursuant to an incremental loan feature in the A&R Credit Agreement. As of September 30, 2017, the remaining amount outstanding under the Initial Term Loan is $138,750 and is payable as a Eurodollar Loan at an interest rate of 3.33%. The proceeds of the Initial Revolving Commitment and Initial Term Loan have been used to partially finance the acquisition of generic products and related assets of Citron and its affiliate Lucid, and pay fees and expenses related thereto. The applicable interest rate margin percentage is subject to adjustment quarterly based upon the Company’s senior secured net leverage ratio.

 

The A&R Credit Agreement, similar to Aceto’s First Amended Credit Agreement, provides that commercial letters of credit shall be issued to provide the primary payment mechanism in connection with the purchase of any materials, goods or services in the ordinary course of business. The Company had no open letters of credit at September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017.

 

The A&R Credit Agreement, like the First Amended Credit Agreement, provides for a security interest in substantially all of the personal property of the Company and certain of its subsidiaries. The A&R Credit Agreement contains several financial covenants including, among other things, maintaining a minimum level of debt service and certain leverage ratios. Under the A&R Credit Agreement, the Company and its subsidiaries are also subject to certain restrictive covenants, including, among other things, covenants governing liens, limitations on indebtedness, limitations on guarantees, limitations on sales of assets and sales of receivables, and limitations on loans and investments. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at September 30, 2017.

 

In conjunction with the Credit Agreement, the Company entered into an interest rate swap on March 21, 2017 for an additional interest cost of 2.005% on a notional amount of $100,000, which has been designated as a cash flow hedge. The expiration date of this interest rate swap is December 21, 2021. The remaining balance of this derivative as of September 30, 2017 is $92,500.

 

Working Capital Outlook

 

Working capital was $240,551 at September 30, 2017 versus $248,750 at June 30, 2017. We continually evaluate possible acquisitions of, or investments in, businesses that are complementary to our own, and such transactions may require the use of cash, as is the case with our recent product acquisition.

 

In connection with the acquisition of certain products and related assets from Citron and Lucid, Aceto committed to make a $50,000 unsecured deferred payment that will bear interest at a rate of 5% per annum to the sellers on December 21, 2021 and to issue 5,122 shares of Aceto common stock beginning on December 21, 2019. The product purchase agreement also provides for a 5-year potential earn-out of up to an additional $50,000 in cash, based on the financial performance of four pre-specified pipeline products that are currently in development. As of September 30, 2017, the Company accrued $2,924 related to this contingent consideration.

 

In October 2015, we filed a universal shelf registration statement with the SEC to allow us to potentially offer an indeterminate principal amount and number of securities in the future with a proposed maximum aggregate offering price of up to $200,000. Under the shelf registration statement, we have the flexibility to publicly offer and sell from time to time common stock, debt securities, preferred stock, warrants and units or any combination of such securities.

 

In November 2015, we offered $125,000 aggregate principal amount of 2% Convertible Senior Notes due 2020 in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. In addition, we granted the initial purchasers for the offering an option to purchase up to an additional $18,750 aggregate principal amount pursuant to the initial purchasers’ option to purchase additional notes, which was exercised in November 2015. Therefore the total offering was $143,750 aggregate principal amount. The remaining net proceeds received from the offering, after paying down our credit facilities and costs associated with the offering and a related hedge transaction, have been or will be used for general corporate purposes, which may include funding research, development and product manufacturing, acquisitions or investments in businesses, products or technologies that are complementary to Aceto’s own, increasing working capital and funding capital expenditures.

 

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In connection with our agricultural protection business, we plan to continue to acquire product registrations and related data filed with the United States Environmental Protection Agency as well as payments to various task force groups, which could approximate $2,357 over the next twelve months.

 

In connection with our environmental remediation obligation for Arsynco, we anticipate paying $6,112 towards remediation of the property in the next twelve months, which is included in accrued expenses in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2017.

 

We believe that our cash, other liquid assets, operating cash flows, borrowing capacity and access to the equity capital markets, taken together, provide adequate resources to fund ongoing operating expenditures, the repayment of our bank loans and the anticipated continuation of cash dividends for the next twelve months.

 

Impact of Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In August 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities which has the objective of improving the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements. In addition to that main objective, the amendments in ASU 2017-12 make certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance in current GAAP. The amendments in ASU 2017-12 are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of ASU 2017-12.

 

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. ASU 2017-09 is effective for all entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not believe this new accounting standard update will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04 Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) which would eliminate the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, the amount of an impairment charge would be recognized if the carrying amount of a reporting unit is greater than its fair value. ASU 2017-04 is effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company does not believe this new accounting pronouncement will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01 Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. ASU 2017-01 is effective for public companies for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods. The Company does not believe this new accounting pronouncement will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing diversity in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of ASU 2016-15.

 

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In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which changes certain aspects of accounting for share-based payments to employees. The Company adopted ASU 2016-09 as of July 1, 2017. ASU 2016-09 requires that all tax benefits and deficiencies related to share-based payments be recognized and recorded through the statement of income for all awards settled or expiring after the adoption of ASU 2016-09. Under prior guidance, tax benefits in excess of compensation costs ("windfalls") were recorded in equity, and any tax deficiencies ("shortfalls") were recorded in equity to the extent of previous windfalls and then to the statement of income. For the three months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded $1,128 of additional income tax expense associated with net tax deficiencies. ASU 2016-09 also requires, either prospectively or retrospectively, that all tax-related cash flows resulting from share-based payments be reported as operating activities on the statement of cash flows, a change from prior guidance that required windfall tax benefits to be presented as an inflow from financing activities and an outflow from operating activities on the statement of cash flows. The Company has elected to adopt such presentation on a prospective basis. Additionally, ASU 2016-09 allows entities to make an accounting policy election for the impact of most types of forfeitures on the recognition of expense for share-based payment awards by allowing the forfeitures to be either estimated, as was required under prior guidance, or recognized when they actually occur. Under ASU 2016-09, the Company recognizes forfeitures when they actually occur.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) that replaces existing lease guidance. The new standard is intended to provide enhanced transparency and comparability by requiring lessees to record right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities on the balance sheet. The new guidance will continue to classify leases as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the statement of income. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years (and interim reporting periods within those years) beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of ASU 2016-02.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, Income Taxes (Topic 740) Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Assets. This ASU is intended to simplify the presentation of deferred taxes on the balance sheet and will require an entity to present all deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities as non-current on the balance sheet. Under the prior guidance, entities were required to separately present deferred taxes as current or non-current. Netting deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities by tax jurisdiction will still be required under the new guidance. The Company prospectively adopted the provisions of ASU 2015-17, as of July 1, 2017. The Company's prospective adoption of ASU 2015-17 impacts the classification of deferred tax assets and liabilities on any balance sheet that reports the Company's financial position for any date after June 30, 2017. Balance sheets for prior periods have not been adjusted. The adoption of ASU 2015-17 has no impact on the Company's results of operations or cash flows.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330)Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory. This ASU requires that an entity measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted this standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have any impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company.

 

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In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is the new comprehensive revenue recognition standard that will supersede all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The standard's core principle is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB subsequently issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Deferral of the Effective Date, which approved a one year deferral of ASU 2014-09 for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. In March 2016 and April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), and ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, respectively, which further clarify the guidance related to those specific topics within ASU 2014-09. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Narrow Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, to reduce the risk of diversity in practice for certain aspects in ASU 2014-09, including collectibility, noncash consideration, presentation of sales tax and transition. Additionally, in December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-20, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2016-20 makes minor corrections or minor improvements to the standard that are not expected to have a significant effect on current accounting practice or create a significant administrative cost to most entities. The Company has made progress in its evaluation of the amended guidance, including identification of revenue streams. The Company recognizes revenue from product sales at the time of shipment and passage of title and risk of loss and control of the goods is transferred to the customer. The Company has no acceptance or other post-shipment obligations and does not offer product warranties or services to its customers. Although the Company is continuing to assess the impact of the amended guidance, Aceto generally anticipates that the timing of recognition of revenue will be substantially unchanged under the amended guidance. The Company is continuing to evaluate the impact on certain other transactions including third-party collaborations and other arrangements. The amended guidance will be effective for Aceto in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and permits adoption under either the full retrospective approach (recognize effects of the amended guidance in each prior reporting period presented) or the modified retrospective approach (recognize the cumulative effect of adoption as an adjustment to retained earnings at the date of initial application). The Company anticipates adopting this amended standard on a modified retrospective basis.

 

Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Market Risk Sensitive Instruments

 

The market risk inherent in our market-risk-sensitive instruments and positions is the potential loss arising from adverse changes in investment market prices, foreign currency exchange-rates and interest rates.

 

Investment Market Price Risk

 

We had short-term investments of $3,048 at September 30, 2017 and $2,046 at June 30, 2017. Those short-term investments consisted of time deposits. Time deposits are short-term in nature and are accordingly valued at cost plus accrued interest, which approximates fair value.

 

Foreign Currency Exchange Risk

 

In order to reduce the risk of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, we hedge some of our transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currencies applicable to each of our various entities. The instruments used for hedging are short-term foreign currency contracts (futures). The changes in market value of such contracts have a high correlation to price changes in the currency of the related hedged transactions. At September 30, 2017, we had foreign currency contracts outstanding that had a notional amount of $48,816. At June 30, 2017 our outstanding foreign currency contracts had a notional amount of $62,187. The difference between the fair market value of the foreign currency contracts and the related commitments at inception and the fair market value of the contracts and the related commitments at September 30, 2017 was not material.

 

We are subject to risk from changes in foreign exchange rates for our subsidiaries that use a foreign currency as their functional currency and are translated into U.S. dollars. These changes result in cumulative translation adjustments, which are included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). On September 30, 2017, we had translation exposure to various foreign currencies, with the most significant being the Euro. The potential loss as of September 30, 2017, resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse change in quoted foreign currency exchange rates amounted to $9,253. On June 30, 2017 such potential loss amounted to $8,869. Actual results may differ.

 

Interest rate risk

 

Due to our financing, investing and cash-management activities, we are subject to market risk from exposure to changes in interest rates. We utilize a balanced mix of debt maturities along with both fixed-rate and variable-rate debt to manage our exposure to changes in interest rates. Our financial instrument holdings were analyzed to determine their sensitivity to interest rate changes. In this sensitivity analysis, we used the same change in interest rate for all maturities. All other factors were held constant. If there were an adverse change in interest rates of 10%, the expected effect on net income related to our financial instruments would be immaterial. However, there can be no assurances that interest rates will not significantly affect our results of operations.

 

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In conjunction with the Credit Agreement, the Company entered into an interest rate swap on March 21, 2017 for an additional interest cost of 2.005% on a notional amount of $100,000, which has been designated as a cash flow hedge. The expiration date of this interest rate swap is December 21, 2021. The remaining balance of this derivative as of September 30, 2017 is $92,500. The unrealized loss to date associated with this derivative, which is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income in the consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2017, is $475.

 

Item 4.Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Our disclosure controls and procedures are also designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, with assistance from other members of our management, have reviewed the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2017 and, based on their evaluation, have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at the reasonable assurance level due to the material weakness identified below.

 

A “material weakness” is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. As disclosed in our Form 8-K, filed on November 3, 2017, we identified a material weakness in the design and effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting in that our system of internal control did not generate a report that could be used by management to assure its precision of the review of the aging of trade receivables was adequate. As a result of this material weakness, a reasonable possibility exists that a material misstatement in trade receivables in our annual or interim financial statements could occur and not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

Notwithstanding this material weakness, we have performed additional analyses and other procedures to enable management to conclude that our financial statements included in this Form 10-Q fairly present, in all material respects, our financial condition and results of operations as of and for the three months ended September 30, 2017. The Company believes it has corrected the underlying causes of the material weakness and thus believes it has been fully remediated. The Company will continue to monitor and test the remediation to ensure its effectiveness.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

As described above, during the quarter ended September 30, 2017, we made changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.Legal Proceedings

 

As previously described in our Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2017, we are subject to various environmental proceedings for which there were no material changes during the three months ended September 30, 2017.

 

Item 1A.Risk Factors

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the risk factors disclosed under Part I - “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2017 which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows. The risks and uncertainties described in our Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2017 are not the only ones we face. Additionally, risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results or cash flows.

 

Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 3.Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not Applicable.

 

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Item 5.Other Information

 

As previously announced, the Company has undergone certain management changes recently. Specifically:

 

  • On September 27, 2017, Salvatore Guccione, then the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, notified the Company of his decision to resign from the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) effective immediately, and the Board met and accepted his resignation.  In addition, on September 27, 2017, Mr. Guccione and the Company mutually agreed that he would resign from his positions as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company effective as of September 27, 2017.  Additional information regarding this matter was disclosed in the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 27, 2017 and is referenced in Item 2 of Part 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

  • On September 27, 2017, the Board appointed William C. Kennally, III, age 61, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company effective as of October 2, 2017. Mr. Kennally continues to serve in his role as a member of the Board. Additional information regarding this matter was disclosed in the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 27, 2017 and in an amendment to that report filed by the Company on October 17, 2017.

 

  • On October 26, 2017, Douglas Roth, the Company’s Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, notified the Company that he will retire from his role as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, effective March 31, 2018. On the following day, Fran Scally the Company’s Vice President, Financial Reporting, Compliance and Risk, was designated to serve as chief accounting officer of the Company, effective immediately. These matters were referenced in the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated October 27, 2017.

 

Item 6.Exhibits

 

 

10.1Separation Agreement by and between Aceto Corporation and Salvatore Guccione (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 27, 2017).

 

15.1Letter from BDO USA, LLP regarding unaudited interim financial information

 

31.1Certifications of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

31.2Certifications of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

32.1*Certifications of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

32.2*Certifications of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

101.INSXBRL Instance Document

 

101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

*Furnished, not filed

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  ACETO CORPORATION
     
DATE November 3, 2017 BY /s/ William C. Kennally, III
  William C. Kennally, President and Chief Executive Officer
  (Principal Executive Officer)
     
DATE November 3, 2017 BY /s/ Douglas Roth
  Douglas Roth, Chief Financial Officer
  (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

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